葡萄牙语综合辅导 :葡萄牙语问候时的常用语

全国等级考试网 2019-01-22 17:00:30 1

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Pronunciation/Notesks.54yjs.cn

 
HelloOláOlah – This is quite an informal greeting.
 
How are you? (formal)Como está?Komu eshta? – You often say things differently depending on whether you are speaking formally or informally.  Speak formally to people you meet for the first time, people older than you, or as a general sign of respect.
 
How are you? (informal)Como estás?Komu eshtazh? – This is the informal variation, which is only used with people you know well, family members, children, or people significantly younger than yourself.
 
I’m OK, thank you.Estou bem, obrigado/aEshtoh baym[ng], Obrigahdu/a – lit. “I am well, thank you.”  This is perhaps the most common response to the above question.  For ‘thank you’, men say ‘obrigado’, women say ‘obrigada’ (regardless of whether the person they are talking to is male or female).*
 
I am fineEstou óptimo/aEshtoh ohtimu/a – note that the ‘p’ in ‘optimo’ (fine) is virtually silent (the Brazilians spell it without a ‘p’).  Again, whether to use ‘optimo’ or ‘optima’ depends on your own gender.
 
Is everything OK?Tudo bem?Toodu baym[ng]? – lit. “everything well?”  Note:  This is probably the most common greeting in Portuguese - it is used much more frequently than ’como está?’.
Yes (everything is ok)Tudo [bem]Toodu – lit. “everything [well].”  The ‘bem’ is optional when replying to the above question.
 
Not too badMais ou menosMyze oh menush – lit. “more or less.”  Use this response if you want to indicate that you are a little ‘under the weather’.
 
Pleased to meet youPrazerPrazair – lit. “pleasure.”
 
Very pleased to meet youMuito prazerM[ng]wee[ng]tu Prazair – lit. “much pleasure.”  The word ‘muito’ has a very nasal sound, which kind of breaks the rules of pronunciation!  Sometimes it can sound more like ‘moitu’, depending on the accent of the speaker.
 
Good MorningBom diaBom[ng] deeya – lit. “Good day” – a slightly more formal greeting than Olá – generally used up until about 1pm.
 
Good AfternoonBoa tardeBoa tarde (after about 1pm)
 
Good EveningBoa noiteBoa noite – note that the same word, noite, is used for both evening and night.  Switch from saying ‘boa tarde’ to ‘boa noite’ around sunset.
 
Good NightBoa noiteBoa noite
 
Note:  You can mix Olá with bom dia, boa tarde, boa noite to make another fairly informal greeting (eg. Olá, bom dia)
 
GoodbyeAdeusAdayush – lit. “To God”.  Note that you can use bom dia, boa tarde, and boa noite to say goodbye as well.
 
‘Seeya’TchauChow – this is a Brazilian expression, but is widely used by Portuguese as well.
 
See you later (same day)Até logoAtay logu – lit. “until straight away”, which doesn’t really make sense, but then neither do a lot of things in Portuguese!
 
See you later (another day)Até amanhãAtay aman[ng]yah – lit. “until tomorrow” – used even if you won’t actually see the person for a few days.
 
See you soon (very soon)Até jáAtay zhah – lit. “until already” – you get the idea!
 
See you next timeAté a próximaAtay a prossima
 
YesSimSim[ng]
 
NoNãoNow[ng] – can also mean ‘not’.
 
PleaseSe faz favorSe fazh favor – often shortened to ‘faz favor’
 Por favorPor favor - another alternative
 
Thank youObrigadoObrigahdu – only said by males
 ObrigadaObrigahda – only said by females
 
Thank you very muchMuito obrigado/aM[ng]wee[ng]tu Obrigahdu/a

*Re: Obrigado/obrigada:  In some regions, particularly the Algarve, it is common for both men and women to use both obrigado and obrigada - switching between them depending on the gender of the person they are talking to.  This is technically incorrect because the word ’obrigado’ is an adjective which is describing the person speaking - it literally means ’obliged’.

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